The foreigners who helped to shape Andalucia.
Influential royal had a home in Marbella and spent huge sums in the area (it’s estimated an extra 30,000 euros a day was spent during his visits) and built a mosque and a palace resembling The White House
So important was he that the town marked his death with three days of mourning, while he has since been declared an ‘adopted son’ and his family continue to spend big every year.
12. WILLIAM KIRKPATRICK
A Scottish merchant and grandfather of the Empress Eugenie.
He served as US Consul to Malaga from 1800-1817 and is credited with aiding commerce and business growth in Malaga through his cotton plantations and mining enterprises.
The author and journalist has written extensively about life in Andalucia in his books and in the UK press. These include a celebrated book on the Alhambra and his fabulous tome A Factory of Light, about life in rural Jaen.
14. LAURIE LEE
Wrote three books about his time in Spain (much in Andalucia) and joined the International Brigades fighting Franco.
He spent many months in Almunecar and later spent six months in Andalucia, in the 1950s, when he wrote A Rose for Winter.
Helped Spain defeat the French in the War of Independence after victory at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813.
In acknowledgment he was awarded a huge estate near Granada, which today still provides employment for many local people.
16. GINO HOLLANDER
The American artist lived in Pizarra, Malaga for many years.
Collected archaelogical artefacts which were later put on display in the town’s Municipal Museum.
Indeed it was the reason the museum was built.
“Everything I was looking for was in Spain,” he later wrote, adding: “There was no poverty of spirit. People might not have had a lot of money, but their spirit was magnificent.”
A 19th century Scottish Industrialist he led the purchase of Rio Tinto Mines from the Spanish government and was the company’s first president.
Employees Alexander Mackay and Robert Russell, both doctors, went on to form Spain’s first football club, Recreativo de Huelva, for the mine’s workers.
18. BETTY MOLESWORTH ALLEN
Now, an ‘Honorary daughter’ of Los Barrios, she wrote a string of books on the botany of Andalucia, even publishing one on flowers at the age of 80 from her home near Algeciras.
She died in Marbella in 2002.
19. SIR ALEXANDER HENDERSON
Responsible for the construction of the Ronda to Algeciras line (later extended to Granada).
Today, the ‘Mr Henderson’s Railway’ walk, between Benaojan and Jimera de Libar, continues to attract visitors to the area, including British Prime Minister David Cameron.
The Ronda-based writer, aka Lord Kilmarnock, wrote a number of books on the Serrania de Ronda between spells working in the British House of Lords.
He later became a keen ecologist, who campaigned against the controversial Los Merinos golf development until his death in 2009.