Although the terms are contemporary, the role of journalism in ‘manufacturing opinion’ has been a human activity as far back as reliable evidence suggests, writes Jack Gaioni
Jack Gaioni examines Pope Alexander VI's life, role and global influence.
The author confessed ‘the Bond character is a compound of all the secret agents I knew'
Spain’s Jesuits were just too successful for their own good
Adolf Clauss was running the largest and most efficient German spy ring in Spain, writes Jack Gaioni
The EU could learn a lot from the Iberian peninsula’s smallest residents
Espionage, stealth and semantics: Back to the roots of the popular saying
To Pope Francis he was a Spanish missionary worthy of sainthood, to others he was the devil incarnate
Banned by Franco, Irish author Kate O’Brien was the world’s first political travel writer
The Spanish artist Goya died nearly two centuries ago but he lives on at the movies, writes Jack Gaioni
Columinst Jack Gaioni takes a look at Las Medulas as an example of what the Romans did for us
The sayings of the late, great Spanish philosopher, George Santayana, are an inspiration in these troubled times, writes Jack Gaioni
Jack Gaioni unearths the best and brightest ‘Spanish sons’ who made it big in ancient Rome, setting the literary and intellectual agenda for many centuries to follow
Jack Gaioni explores modern-day treasure hunters, are they pirates or archaeologists?
The town surrounded by Andalucía’s Big Three cities is also at the centre of a ‘love triangle’, writes Jack Gaioni
Columnist Jack Gaioni takes a rather unusual ride to an eccentric event centered around tweed in Madrid
Columnist Jack Gaioni explores the history of flight in Spain
Columnist Jack Gaioni explores the real link between countries and their national dishes